Cenozoic Earth ] Back | Next >

 South America
 25 thousand years ago

Mean atmospheric O2
 Same as modern level

Mean atmospheric CO2
 Pre-industrial level

Mean temperature
 5C below modern level

Cenozoic Earth - Doedicurus and Eremotherium on a grassy plain 25,000 years ago in what is today South America; New World Pleistocene megafauna - Natural History Illustration Geologic Time Scale

 Era: Cenozoic
  Period: Quaternary
   Epoch: Pleistocene
    Age: Tarantian*


Doedicurus and Eremotherium

Prehistoric glyptodonts of the genus Doedicurus graze on grassy plains 25,000 years ago in what is today South America. In the background is a giant ground sloth of the genus Eremotherium.

With a turtle-like shell five feet tall and weighing over two tons, Doedicurus was the largest known glyptodontid, an extinct family of heavily-armored herbivores related to modern armadillos. Doedicurus carried a large spiked tail that could have helped protect it from large predators and other Doedicurus.

Eremotherium was a Megatheriid that grew to 20 feet long and weighed up to three tons.

*AKA Tyrrhenian Stage, Eemian, Sangamonian


Copyright Walter B. Myers. All rights reserved.

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