Cenozoic Earth ] Back | Next >

Location
 Northern Europe
 200 thousand years ago

Mean atmospheric O2
 Same as modern level

Mean atmospheric CO2
 Pre-industrial level

Mean temperature
 5C below modern level

Cenozoic Earth - A woolly rhinoceros on frozen snow-covered terrain 200,000 years ago in Northern Europe; woolly rhino; Pleistocene megafauna; Palearctic ecozone; Pleistocene glaciations - Natural History Illustration Geologic Time Scale

 Era: Cenozoic
  Period: Quaternary
   Epoch: Pleistocene
    Age: Upper

     
 

Woolly rhinoceros

A woolly rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis) wanders the snow-covered terrain of Northern Europe 200 thousand years ago. In the foreground is a common rabbit of the family Leporidae.

About the size, and maybe a little larger, than today's white rhinoceros, the woolly rhinoceros is believed to be related to the modern Sumatran rhinoceros. Covered with thick fur (AKA pelage), this stocky herbivore was well-suited to the cold climates associated with the Pleistocene glaciations. Woolly rhinoceros remains have been found dating as far back as 3.6 million years and as recent as 8,000 years ago. Cave paintings featuring the woolly rhinoceros have been identified; human and Neanderthal hunting, along with climate change, may have contributed to its extinction.

 

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