Cenozoic Earth ] Back | Next >

 2 million years ago

Mean atmospheric O2
 Same as modern level

Mean atmospheric CO2
 Pre-industrial level

Mean temperature
 5C below modern level

Cenozoic Earth - An Elasmotherium on the ancient steppe of what is today Southern Russia; megafauna - Natural History Illustration Geologic Time Scale

 Era: Cenozoic
  Period: Quaternary
   Epoch: Pleistocene
    Age: Gelasian



A giant rhinoceros of the genus Elasmotherium grazes on the ancient steppe of what is today Southern Russia.

Characterized by a single massive horn (up to 6 feet long), Elasmotherium was a herbivorous mammal active in Eurasia about 2 million years ago. Related to modern rhinos, Elasmotherium was more massive, standing about 8 feet tall at the shoulder and up to 26 feet long and weighing over 3 tons.

Elasmotherium should not be confused with the smaller and extinct woolly rhinoceros.



Copyright Walter B. Myers. All rights reserved.

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