Cenozoic Earth ] Back | Next >

 7 million years ago

Mean atmospheric O2
 108% of modern level

Mean atmospheric CO2
 1x pre-industrial level

Mean temperature
 Pre-industrial level

Cenozoic Earth - Deinotherium traversing grassy rolling plains of what is today Europe with a mountain in the background; Hoe tusker, megafauna - Natural History Illustration Geologic Time Scale

 Era: Cenozoic
  Period: Neogene
   Epoch: Miocene
    Age: Messinian


Deinotherium on rolling plains

Proboscideans of the genus Deinotherium traverse the rolling plains of what is today Europe. A prehistoric relative of modern elephants, Deinotherium was larger and had a shorter trunk and downward-curving tusks attached to its lower jaw. Deinotherium is the third largest land mammal known to have existed; only Paraceratherium and some mammoths were larger. Deinotherium likely behaved like modern elephants and may have lived side-by-side with the early human ancestor Australopithecus.



Copyright Walter B. Myers. All rights reserved.

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