Paleozoic Earth ] Back | Next >

 Southern Africa
 270 million years ago

Mean atmospheric O2
 115% of modern level

Mean atmospheric CO2
 3x pre-industrial level

Mean temperature
 2C above modern level


Paleozoic Earth - A Lycaenops wanders among ferns and mountains 270 million years ago in what is today South Africa; therapsid synapsids; gorgonopsians; terrestrial vertebrates;  - Natural History Illustration Geologic Time Scale

 Era: Paleozoic
  Period: Permian
   Epoch: Guadalupian
    Age: Roadian



A three-foot-long, 35 pound carnivorous therapsid (mammal-like reptile) of the genus Lycaenops wanders a mountainous mid-Permian landscape 270 million years ago in what is today South Africa. Vegetation includes various ferns forming ground cover and a large cycad.

While reptilian in origin, Lycaenops more resembled a modern wolf with a long and slender skull, wolf-like fangs, and long legs held close to its body which probably enabled it to out-run the small reptiles and dicynodonts it dined on.



Copyright Walter B. Myers. All rights reserved.

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